Decoding Indian Politics: Unveiling the Top 10 Must-Have Political Science Books by Laxmikant

Indian politics has always been a subject of fascination, intrigue, and debate for both national and international audiences. With a diverse and complex cultural, social, and economic landscape, decoding the nuances of Indian politics requires comprehensive knowledge and understanding. This is where political science books, particularly those authored by M. Laxmikant, come into play. Laxmikant, a renowned scholar and a former IAS officer, has written extensively on Indian politics, and his books have become a must-have for students, researchers, and political enthusiasts. In this article, we will delve into the top 10 must-have political science books by Laxmikant that provide unique insights into the intricate world of Indian politics.

The Evolution of Indian Politics

Laxmikant’s seminal work “Indian Polity” traces the historical development of Indian politics, starting from the pre-independence era to contemporary times. It provides a comprehensive overview of the evolution of political institutions, ideologies, and policies in India. The book covers important events such as the Indian National Movement, the framing of the Indian Constitution, and the various phases of Indian democracy. With detailed analysis and lucid language, Laxmikant’s book provides a solid foundation for understanding the context in which Indian politics operates.

Constitutional Framework

India has one of the longest and most complex constitutions in the world. It is the cornerstone of the Indian political system and provides the framework for governance and decision-making. In his book “Indian Polity,” Laxmikant delves into the key features of the Indian Constitution, such as federalism, separation of powers, and fundamental rights. He also sheds light on the challenges associated with interpreting and implementing the Constitution, including issues of judicial activism, constitutional amendments, and federal-state relations. Laxmikant’s insights offer a critical perspective on the functioning of the Indian political system.

Understanding the Indian Parliament

The Indian Parliament is the center of political power in the country. Laxmikant’s book “Indian Polity” provides a deep dive into the functioning of the Indian Parliament. He explains the structure of both houses, their powers, and the role of different stakeholders such as the President and the Speaker. The book also discusses the various parliamentary procedures, such as Question Hour and Zero Hour, and their significance in influencing policy decisions. Laxmikant’s insightful analysis helps readers understand the complexities of the Indian Parliament and its impact on the political landscape.

Electoral Politics

Indian elections are a grand spectacle, with over 900 million eligible voters and multiple political parties vying for power. In his book “Indian Polity,” Laxmikant offers a comprehensive analysis of the Indian electoral process. He covers topics such as voter behavior, electoral reforms, political parties, and the changing dynamics of Indian elections. Laxmikant’s book also sheds light on recent developments in the electoral landscape, such as the rise of regional parties and the influence of social media on election campaigns. With data-driven insights and real-life examples, Laxmikant’s analysis of electoral politics is a must-read for anyone looking to understand the Indian political scenario.

Decentralization and Local Governance

The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments introduced the concept of decentralization and local governance in Indian politics. In his book “Governance in India,” Laxmikant explores the significance of Panchayati Raj and municipal governance in the country. He delves into the historical evolution of local governance in India and its impact on public service delivery, rural development, and grassroots-level democracy. Laxmikant’s book also looks into the challenges faced by local governing bodies and their role in bridging the gap between citizens and the government.

Public Administration and Governance

As a former IAS officer, Laxmikant brings a unique perspective to his book “Governance in India.” He delves into the administrative machinery and bureaucracy in India, their roles and responsibilities, and their influence on governance and public welfare. The book also explores the concept of good governance and its pillars, such as transparency, accountability, and participatory decision-making. Laxmikant’s insights into public administration and governance provide a comprehensive understanding of the functioning of the Indian government.

Political Ideologies and Movements

India is a diverse country, both culturally and politically, with various ideologies and movements shaping its political landscape. In his book “Indian Polity,” Laxmikant explores the different political ideologies in India, such as socialism, nationalism, and regionalism. He delves into their historical origins, influential leaders, and impact on Indian politics. Furthermore, Laxmikant also examines the rise of identity-based movements in India, such as the Dalit movement and the women’s movement, and their role in shaping the political discourse. Laxmikant’s book provides a nuanced understanding of the diverse political ideologies and their implications for Indian politics.

Center-State Relations

The relationship between the central and state governments in India is a delicate balance of power and cooperation. In his book “Governance in India,” Laxmikant offers insights into the intricate dynamics of center-state relations. He examines issues such as federalism, intergovernmental relations, and recent controversies such as the GST and the National Register of Citizens (NRC). Laxmikant’s analysis helps readers understand the complexities of the center-state dynamics and their impact on policy-making and governance.

Contemporary Issues in Indian Politics

In his book “Indian Polity,” Laxmikant also delves into some of the contemporary issues and emerging trends in Indian politics. He covers topics such as caste politics, identity-based movements, regional disparities, and new policy initiatives. Laxmikant’s analysis of these issues offers a critical perspective on the current challenges facing Indian democracy and the direction it is taking. It also provides valuable insights for policymakers, researchers, and political enthusiasts alike.


In conclusion, Laxmikant’s political science books are an invaluable resource for understanding Indian politics. With his vast knowledge and experience, Laxmikant provides unique insights into the complexities of Indian democracy. His books offer critical analysis, real-life examples, and data-driven research, making them a must-have for anyone interested in learning about Indian politics. From the historical evolution of Indian politics to contemporary issues and trends, Laxmikant’s books provide a comprehensive understanding of the world’s largest democracy.